Courses and resources in the Seniors Sections.

Environmental Systems and Societies.

2 Year Course

Year 12 and Year 13

SL only

Prerequisite: No Prerequisite.


The systems approach provides the core methodology of this course. It is amplified by other sources, such as economic, historical, cultural, socio-political and scientific, to provide a holistic perspective on environmental issues. 


The aims of the environmental systems and societies course are to: 

  1. promote understanding of environmental processes at a variety of scales, from local to global 
  2. provide a body of knowledge, methodologies and skills that can be used in the analysis of environmental issues at local and global levels 
  3. enable students to apply the knowledge, methodologies and skills gained 
  4. promote critical awareness of a diversity of cultural perspectives 
  5. recognize the extent to which technology plays a role in both causing and solving environmental problems 
  6. appreciate the value of local as well as international collaboration in resolving environmental problems 
  7. appreciate that environmental issues may be controversial, and may provoke a variety of responses 
  8. appreciate that human society is both directly and indirectly linked to the environment at a number of levels and at a variety of scales. 




  1. Apply and use information, terminology, concepts, methodologies and skills with regard to environmental issues. 
  2. Synthesize, analyse and evaluate research questions, hypotheses, methods and scientific explanations with regard to environmental issues. 
  3. Using a holistic approach, make reasoned and balanced judgments using appropriate economic, historical, cultural, socio-political and scientific sources. 
  4. Articulate and justify a personal viewpoint on environmental issues with reasoned argument while appreciating alternative viewpoints, including the perceptions of different cultures. 
  5. Demonstrate the personal skills of cooperation and responsibility appropriate for effective investigation and problem solving. 
  6. Select and demonstrate the appropriate practical and research skills necessary to carry out investigations with due regard to precision. 


Syllabus Components:


Topic 1. Systems and Models (5 hours)

Topic 2. The Ecosystem (31 hours)

Topic 3. Human population, carrying capacity and resource use(39 hours)

Topic 4. Conservation and Biodiversity (15 hours)

Topic 5. Pollution and Management (18 hours)

Topic 6. The Issue of Global Warming (6 hours)

Topic 7. Environmental Value Systems (6 hours)

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